Refugees are at high risk for communicable diseases due to overcrowding and poor water, sanitation, and hygiene conditions. Handwashing with soap removes pathogens from hands and reduces disease risk. A hepatitis E outbreak in the refugee camps of Maban County, South Sudan in 2012 prompted increased hygiene promotion and improved provision of soap, handwashing stations, and latrines. We conducted a study 1 year after the outbreak to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of the refugees in Maban County.
This report applies the life-cycle costs approach (LCCA) to the provision of water services in two UN refugee camps, Bambasi in Ethiopia and Kounoungou in Chad. It is based on cost data from financial reports in Geneva and both camps and on service-level data collected through the UNHCR monitoring system and on site through water point surveys.
The purpose of the study was (1) to better understand the structure, magnitude and drivers of the cost of providing a targeted level of water service to refugees, and (2) to reflect on the applicability of LCCA in the UNHCR monitoring framework and the potential for implementing it in systematically.
- Tags: Value for Money and WASH Strategy Development. Locations: Africa, Bambasi, Chad, East and Horn of Africa, Ethiopia, Kounoungou, and Sudan and Chad Special Operational Region. Languages: English. Organisations: IRC (International Water and Sanitation Centre) and UNHCR. Categories: WASH Reference Documents and WASH Research Documents.
This brief is intended to highlight key elements of an effective response to an outbreak of hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection in refugee setting. It focuses on specific response actions, including the review of common risks associated with health, water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH). The overall implementation of response actions and mode of operation should be context specific, as highlighted by the examples given from Dadaab (Ifo) Kenya and South Sudan.
- Tags: Bulk Water Treatment, Excreta Management, Handwashing with Soap, Household Water Treatment, Hygiene Promotion, Public Health, Water Quality Testing and Surveillance, and Water Safety Plans. Locations: Africa, Dadaab, East and Horn of Africa, Kenya, South Sudan, and Sudan and Chad Special Operational Region. Languages: English. Organisations: UNHCR. Categories: WASH Emergency Guidelines, WASH Guidelines, WASH Operational Guidelines, WASH Policy Guidelines, and WASH Reference Documents.
This document provides an overview of the design of the water system in Batil Refugee Camp, S. Sudan.