The choice of sanitation technology in humanitarian crisis is based on various factors including the terrain, social and cultural norms and agency experience. There is the continued need for humanitarian response mechanisms to factor the environmental impact and sustainability of the technologies used in the provision of safe water supply and sanitation to affected communities. The acceptability of using ecological sanitation technologies such as Urine Diversion Dry Toilets (UDDT) in refugee contexts needs significant exploration. Using refugee camps in Dollo Ado as a case study, this paper outlines how the UDDT technology has been implemented in the context of protracted refugee camps, the successes and the areas needing further exploration to make it better able to be adopted across various refugee programmes and contexts.
Current emergency safe water guidelines are based on little field evidence. We launched an observational study on chlorine decay in the Azraq refugee camp, Jordan in July-August 2014 in order to: i) develop evidence-based guidelines for centralized batch chlorination in humanitarian operations; and ii) identify factors affecting the safe water chain. This study builds on earlier work from South Sudan and adds to the evidence base that study initiated.
Close to half a million refugees live in Dadaab, Kenya and rely on groundwater from the Merti Aquifer. Preliminary hydrogeological mapping indicates over exploitation of the fresh water aquifer could result in salt water intrusion, which would put the security of water supply for the refugee camps and host population at risk. UNHCR together with University of Neuchâtel has embarked on a comprehensive study of the Merti Aquifer including remote monitoring, and numerical modelling of the aquifer in order to develop a sustainable groundwater management plan for the aquifer which supplies water to all the refugee camps in Dadaab, Kenya.
This brief is intended to highlight key WASH elements for camps closure. It focuses on specific actions, including the highlights of public health risks associated with health, water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) when dealing with decommissioning of WASH infrastructures. The overall closure implementation actions and modus operandi should be context specific and properly planned in coordination with key stakeholders.
The report examines the feasibility of a wide range of standard sanitation technologies in addition to sanitation innovations in refugee contexts (including miniaturized biogas, reinvented toilets, new processor technologies, SMS dispatching, pay per use toilets, sale of by-products). Technologies were evaluated based on upfront investment cost; technology viability, suitable size and transportability; flexibility and resilience; and value for money.
- Organisations: BCG.
This report presents a methodology to cost water services that has been adapted from the life-cycle costs approach (LCCA) and looks at its applicability to refugee settings.
Tazalit Country Niger Camp Tazalit Latitude [°] 16°54’01.5″N Longitude [°] 5°15’48.4″E Elevation [m.a.s.l.] 374 Drilling date [dd/mm/yyyy] 2003 Depth [m] 430 Static water level [m] 41.2 Pump Brand and Model Grundfos, SP30A08 Type of pump Electrical pump Pump depth [m] 74.1 Pump motor power [kW] 15 Type of energy relied on Generator Casing diameter [inch] […]
These WASH related primer questions have been designed to assist UNHCR and WASH actors collect data from key informants and focus groups during WASH assessments. The list of questions is not exhaustive and is merely intended as a conversation primer (aide memoire).
This document contains documentation to help UNHCR and WASH actors install emergency trench latrines in refugee settings. The package includes: Technical Drawings; Step by Step Construction Drawings; Bills of Quantity; Material and Workmanship Specifications; and Design Calculations.
- Categories: WASH Technical Designs.
This assessment tool has been designed to assist UNHCR and WASH actors collect data on excreta management during a needs assessment. The main purpose of this tool is to identify problems related to excreta management and identify actions to bring conditions to UNHCR standards.
- Tags: Communal Toilets, Communal Toilets, Desludging and Excreta Transportation, Desludging and Excreta Transportation, Excreta / Urine ReUse, Excreta / Urine ReUse, Excreta / Urine ReUse, Excreta Composting, Excreta Composting, Excreta Composting, Excreta Management, Excreta Management, Excreta Management, Excreta Management, Excreta Management, Excreta Management, Excreta Treatment, Excreta Treatment, Excreta Treatment, Household Toilets, Household Toilets, Sewerage and Excreta Conveyance, Sewerage and Excreta Conveyance, WASH Assessments, WASH Assessments, WASH Monitoring, WASH Monitoring, and WASH Monitoring. Languages: English, English, English, English, English, English, English, English, English, and English. Categories: WASH Blank Forms, WASH Blank Forms, WASH Emergency Guidelines, WASH Emergency Guidelines, WASH Emergency Guidelines, WASH Emergency Tools, WASH Emergency Tools, WASH Reference Documents, WASH Reference Documents, WASH Reference Documents, WASH Reference Documents, WASH Reference Documents, WASH Reference Documents, WASH Reference Documents, WASH Reference Documents, and WASH Reference Documents.