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Water, Sanitation and Hygiene in Post-Emergency Contexts (UNHCR, OXFAM GB)

UNHCR and Oxfam commissioned this study to better understand how emergency WASH services are delivered, and to identify how the provision of infrastructure can lead to sustainable service delivery and a more professional management mechanism. As many humanitarian crises are protracted in nature, emergency WASH services need to be sustained once humanitarian agencies depart. This report aims to review and identify alternative service delivery options, and to provide some pragmatic guidance that can be incorporated into emergency response programmes and tested, evaluated and built on in the future.

Container-based Toilets with Solid Fuel Briquettes Guidelines

These Best Practice Guidelines were developed by Sanivation, a private sanitation company based in Kenya under UNHCR’s “Waste to Value” Project, funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. The Guidelines are based on ongoing operational research in Kakuma Refugee Camp in partnership with UNHCR and the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC), and will be update at the end of the Project in 2019.

Tiger Worm Toilet Guidelines

These Best Practice Guidelines were developed by Oxfam under UNHCR’s “Waste to Value” Project, funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. The Guidelines are based on operational research conducted in 2016 and 2017 in Jewi Refugee Camp in Ethiopia, where the Tiger Worm Toilets remain in operation and under regular monitoring.

UNHCR WASH EQUIPMENT SPECIFICATIONS

This WASH Equipment Catalogue has been produced by UNHCR’s WASH and Procurement Departments to improve the acquisition and effective procurement of WASH relief items.

The catalogue includes specifications and quality requirements for standard WASH equipment items such as pumps, tapstands, water tanks and water testing equipment.

    UNHCR Urine Diverting Dry Toilet (UDDT) Standard Operating Procedures

    Double vault Urine Diversion Dry Toilets (UDDT) can be used as an alternative to pit latrines in refugee camps. They utilise two chambers for faeces, one of which is in use whilst the other is full and drying so that it can be safely disposed of after an appropriate period of time.
    These Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) were developed by Oxfam under UNHCR’s “Waste to Value” Project, which was funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. They are largely based on UDDTs developed under the Waste to Value Project in Ethiopia. 

    Hygiene Promotion Guidelines (UNHCR, 2017)

    These guidelines provide additional support and information on designing and implementing hygiene promotion programmes or elements of hygiene promotion in the programmes of other sectors. They should be used in conjunction with the UNHCR WASH Manual and the summary guidance in the Hygiene Promotion Chapter of this manual.

    WASH Nutrition

    A practical guidebook on increasing nutritional impact through integration of WASH and Nutrition programmes. It is meant for practitioners in humanitarian and development contexts.

    F801/2015a – Toilet Block Management Sample Community Agreement (UNHCR, 2015)

    This toilet block management sample community agreement can help define the responsibilities of the different stakeholders in operation and maintenance of WASH facilities from filling up the hand-washing water containers, and keeping the surroundings clean, to providing maintenance.